Friday, February 24, 2012

Geography of Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad is located at 23.03°N 72.58°E in western India at an elevation of 53 metres (174 ft)from MSL Mean Sea Level. The city sits on the banks of the River Sabarmati, in north-central Gujarat. It spans an area of 205 km2 (79 sq mi). The Sabarmati frequently dries up in the summer, leaving only a small stream of water. The city is located in a sandy and dry area. Many of the localities and roads are often spread in sand, reflecting the intensifying fallout caused by deforestation. The steady expansion of the Rann of Kutch threatens to increase desertification around the city area and much of the state. Except for the small hills of Thaltej-Jodhpur Tekra, the city is almost flat. Two lakes are within the city's limits—Kankaria Lake and Vastrapur Lake. Kankaria lake, in the neighbourhood of Maninagar, is an artificial lake developed by the Sultan of Delhi, Qutb-ud-din Aybak, in 1451. According to the Bureau of Indian Standards, the town falls under seismic zone-III, in a scale of I to V (in order of increasing vulnerability to earthquakes)

Vastrapur Lake
Ahmedabad is divided by the Sabarmati into two physically distinct eastern and western regions. The eastern bank of the river houses the old city, which includes the central town of Bhadra. This part of Ahmedabad is characterized by packed bazaars, the clustered and barricaded pol system of close clustered buildings, and numerous places of worship. It houses the main railway station, the General Post Office, and few buildings of the Muzaffarid and British eras. The colonial period saw the expansion of the city to the western side of Sabarmati, facilitated by the construction of Ellis Bridge in 1875 and later with the modern Nehru Bridge. This part of the city houses educational institutions, modern buildings, well-planned residential areas, shopping malls, multiplexes and new business districts centred around roads such as Ashram Road, C. G. Road & Sarkhej-Gandhinagar Highway.
Auda to add one more ring road in Ahmedabad on top of 2 ring roads alrady existing in the city. The basic motive behind the ring road is better connectivity to Sanand, and diverting the regional traffic that enters city roads. Keeping that, and the fact of increasing vehicular traffic in mind, the proposed ring road will be at least 300 feet in width. Under the proposed plan, the ring road would begin at around 4 to 5 km from the existing 132 ft ring road," said a senior official from the town planning department.

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